Climate change is a global challenge for not only scarcity of water but unsafe water too. Global water proportional has been unbalanced due to the change in the natural cycle which affect the flow of water sources and unbalance the basic essence of water that creates the water-borne disease like typhoid fever, cholera, and hepatitis.
The water-borne disease has so much affected that diarrheal diseases account for 10–12% of all deaths in children under five years old,6, 7 and an estimated 1.4–1.9 million deaths worldwide.
Let’s see four meteorological conditions that are expected to increase with climate change: ambient temperature, heavy rainfall, drought, and flooding. These are the main conditions which are responsible for the water-borne disease.
1. Ambient Temperature: Global surface temperature change for the end of the 21st century is likely to exceed 1.5°C relative to the period from 1850–1900. In some scenarios, it is expected to exceed 2°C.
Because of this climate change, the temperature of some areas increases higher than others. In the warmer regions, the hydrological cycle would increase, which will cause the fast evaporation and more precipitation.
More precipitation is caused by flooding in many areas around the world. Because of floods, the human exposures flow to the natural water sources and feed the pathogens. This cycle is one of the main reasons for the contamination of water.
2. Heavy rainfall: Heavy rain increases the flow of water up to a significant level which causes human exposure to natural water and contaminates the water bodies. The human and animal exposure is full of intoxicated mixtures which are not suitable for natural clean water. Diarrheal illnesses are one of the primary diseases because of this.
3. Draught: The impact of Draught is dangerous on human health because of the lack of clean water sources. During drought, the sediments and minerals are concentrated at the bottom of the water bodies. The amount of these minerals are larger than the needed which affect the body adversely.
4. Flood: Flood causes the flow of water at a significant level which contaminates the natural water. Flood increases the amount of run-off from fields. Fertilizers, sediments, and minerals are quite dangerous for the human body, from the fields that run to the natural resources and pollute it.
How To Prevent Water-Borne Diseases?
In today’s time, the demand for pure water is very high around the world. Seeing the extreme use of clean drinking water, more & more brands are come up with different water purification solutions for drinking water.
Some of the common options are bottled drinking, RO purifiers, boiled water, a bleach for water purification, etc. But these are not an efficient way to purify drinking water.
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